Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy is a medical condition in which damage occurs to the retina due to diabetes mellitus. It is a leading cause of blindness.

Diabetic macular edema occurs when fluid and protein deposits collect on or under the macula of the eye (a yellow central area of the retina) and causes it to thicken and swell (edema). It is commonly associated with diabetes. Chronic or uncontrolled diabetes type 2 can affect peripheral blood vessels including those of the retina which may leak fluid, blood and occasionally fats into the retina causing it to swell. It is usually treated with laser coagulation or intravitreal application of triamcinolone acetonide or anti-VEGF antibodies.

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